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How Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Is A New Revolution In Treating

June 17, 2024 | by jatinprasad94

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Is A New Revolution In Treating

Recent advancements in medical technology have given room for new ways to treat spinal conditions and spine surgery that requires smaller incisions, less downtime, and lower risk. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is a major advance in spinal treatment that has changed the way many diagnoses are approached. In this piece, we break down the most important pieces of MISS, its advantages, methods, and results.

Exploring the World of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery

Abstract Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) attempts to accomplish equivalent or better clinical outcomes with the smallest disruption to the body, which transversely may lead to faster return to work and usual daily living. Unlike traditional open surgery, which is done through large incisions, with extensive muscle and tissue manipulation, and it must be performed under direct vision via wide exposure of the laminar structures (e.g., spinal fusion including a wide open approach), MISS uses techniques that involve small incisions, along with rapid recovery, improved risk profile, and allowing patients to get back to their routines sooner; without compromising the surgical goals using the latest advanced technology available (e.g. intraoperative CT scanning, O-arm imaging).

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

1. Reduced Tissue Damage: MISS reduces the amount of trauma to muscles and tissues surrounding the area by making smaller incisions using special surgical tools. This can result in decreased postoperative pain and shorter time to recovery.

2. Shorter Hospital Stays: Because MISS is less invasive than traditional open surgery, patients that undergo MISS are usually in the hospital for a shorter period of time and are able to recover more quickly than if they undergo traditional open surgery.

3. Lower Risk of Complications: MISS involves smaller incisions and therefore less damage to surrounding tissues, which reduces the risk of complications such as infection or blood loss.

4. Faster Return to Activity: Faster return to daily activities including a return to work, in comparison with conventional open surgery.

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: Common Procedures

There are several procedures that fall under the category of minimally invasive spine surgery which can access many different spinal conditions. The most common MISS procedures include:

1. Microdiscectomy: A microdiscectomy is a surgery that is performed using a minimally invasive technique for treating herniated discs in the spine. The surgeon removes a section of the damaged disc material, which will release pressure on the nerve thereby relieving pain and other symptoms this condition may cause.

2. Spinal Fusion: A spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to link two or more vertebrae in order to stabilize the spine and reduce pain. Minimally Invasive Spinal Fusion: Special instruments and techniques are used to perform the fusion through small incisions.

3. Laminectomy: During lumbar laminectomy, the back surgeon will remove a small part of the lamina (the bony arch of the vertebrae) to help alleviate pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. The main difference is that minimally invasive laminectomy uses small incisions and special tools to accomplish the same result through less disruption of tissue.

4. Credit: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty : Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are outpatient procedures that can provide plenty of back or spine pain relief for people who suffer from compression fractures found in osteoporosis or other conditions that weaken the backbone. The cement is injected into the fractured vertebra during these procedures to stabilize the vertebra and reduce pain.


Spinal surgeons have made substantial progress in the world of spinal care by providing patients with minimally invasive spine surgery as an option to the traditional open surgery. MISS has drastically improved how spinal conditions are treated and results in less tissue damage, faster healing time, and less risk of complications. Nevertheless, patients should consult with their healthcare professional to determine if minimally invasive spine surgery is the right option for them.


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