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What Will Your Child Learn at the Beginning of English Language Education?

June 4, 2024 | by Nicholas17Dominic


When your child embarks on the journey of learning English, they are opening the door to a world of opportunities. English, as one of the most widely spoken languages globally, serves as a bridge to understanding different cultures, accessing a wealth of knowledge, and fostering international friendships. This blog post will explore what your child will learn at the beginning of their English language education, highlighting key areas such as vocabulary building, basic grammar, phonics, listening and speaking skills, reading comprehension, and writing fundamentals.

Vocabulary Building

The Foundation of Language

Vocabulary is the cornerstone of any language. At the beginning of their English education, children will start by learning basic words and phrases that are essential for everyday communication. These include:

  • Common Nouns: Names of objects, animals, people, and places (e.g., dog, cat, house, school).
  • Simple Verbs: Basic action words (e.g., run, walk, eat, play).
  • Adjectives: Descriptive words (e.g., big, small, happy, sad).
  • Numbers and Colors: Recognizing and naming numbers and colours.
  • Everyday Phrases: Greetings and polite expressions (e.g., hello, goodbye, please, thank you). Consider doing the Entry Level 1 English course online.

Engaging Activities for Vocabulary Building

Children will engage in various activities to reinforce their vocabulary, such as:

  • Flashcards: Visual aids to help memorise words.
  • Songs and Rhymes: Fun and memorable ways to learn new vocabulary.
  • Picture Books: Books with illustrations to associate words with images.
  • Interactive Games: Digital or physical games that make learning new words fun.

Basic Grammar

Understanding Sentence Structure

Once children have a basic vocabulary, they will begin to learn the rules of grammar. Basic grammar lessons at the beginner level focus on:

  • Subject-Verb Agreement: Understanding the relationship between the subject and the verb in a sentence (e.g., “The cat runs,” not “The cat runs”).
  • Simple Sentence Construction: Forming basic sentences using a subject and a verb (e.g., “I eat,” “She runs”).
  • Pluralisation: Learning to form plurals of nouns (e.g., cat/cats, dog/dogs).
  • Basic Tenses: Introduction to the present simple tense (e.g., “I eat,” “He runs”).

Interactive Grammar Lessons

Grammar lessons are often made engaging through:

  • Worksheets and Exercises: Practice materials that reinforce grammar rules.
  • Interactive Apps: Digital platforms that provide instant feedback on grammar exercises.
  • Role-Playing: Activities where children act out sentences to understand grammar in context. 


Decoding Words

Phonics is the method of teaching reading by correlating sounds with letters or groups of letters. At the beginning of their English education, children will:

  • Learn Letter Sounds: Recognize the sounds that each letter of the alphabet makes.
  • Blend Sounds: Combine individual letter sounds to form words (e.g., c-a-t = cat).
  • Segment Words: Break down words into their constituent sounds for better understanding (e.g., dog = d-o-g).  

Fun Phonics Activities

Phonics can be taught through:

  • Phonics Songs: Catchy tunes that help children remember letter sounds.
  • Phonics Games: Interactive games that make learning phonics enjoyable.
  • Reading Aloud: Encouraging children to read aloud to practice blending and segmenting sounds.

Listening and Speaking Skills

Building Communication Skills

Listening and speaking are crucial components of language learning. In the initial stages, children will focus on:

  • Listening Comprehension: Understanding spoken English through stories, conversations, and instructions.
  • Pronunciation Practice: Mimicking sounds, words, and sentences to develop clear pronunciation.
  • Simple Conversations: Engaging in basic dialogues to practice speaking skills.

Enhancing Listening and Speaking

To enhance these skills, educators use:

  • Storytelling: Listening to and retelling stories to improve comprehension and speaking.
  • Songs and Chants: Repetitive language practice through music.
  • Language Games: Interactive activities that encourage listening and speaking.

Reading Comprehension

Understanding Texts

Reading comprehension involves understanding and interpreting written texts. At the beginning level, children will

  • Recognise Sight Words: Learn common words that they can recognise without having to sound them out (e.g., the, and, it).
  • Follow Simple Stories: Read and understand short, simple stories.
  • Answer Basic Questions: Respond to questions about the text to demonstrate comprehension.

Growing a Love for Reading

To foster reading comprehension, children engage in:

  • Guided Reading: Teachers or parents read with children, guiding them through the text.
  • Reading Games: Interactive games that make reading practice fun.
  • Book Discussions: Simple discussions about the stories read to enhance understanding.

Writing Fundamentals

Expressing Thoughts on Paper

Writing is a critical skill that allows children to express their thoughts and ideas. At the beginner level, children will focus on:

  • Letter Formation: Learning to write each letter of the alphabet correctly.
  • Simple Words and Sentences: Writing basic words and forming simple sentences.
  • Basic Punctuation: Using periods and question marks appropriately.

Encouraging Writing Practice

To make writing engaging, educators use:

  • Writing Prompts: Fun and creative prompts that encourage children to write.
  • Journals: Personal journals where children can freely write their thoughts.
  • Writing Games: Interactive games that make writing practice enjoyable.


Starting English language education is an exciting journey for your child, filled with opportunities to learn and grow. By focusing on vocabulary building, basic grammar, phonics, listening and speaking skills, reading comprehension, and writing fundamentals, your child will develop a strong foundation in English. These skills will not only help them succeed academically but also open doors to a world of opportunities in the future.

If you’re looking for a comprehensive program that supports your child’s English language learning, consider exploring our resources and signing up for our free trial. Together, we can help your child achieve language proficiency and enjoy the wonderful journey of learning English.


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